Sunday 21 March 2010

History of Cars

The term automobile is mainly a motor vehicle designed to carry people or things without rails. Although the term car par excellence is used to refer to passenger cars, there are other types of cars, trucks, buses, vans, motorcycle or quads.
Cugnot Nicolas-Joseph (1725-1804), mechanical, military engineer, French writer and inventor, took the big step, to build a steam car, originally designed for towing artillery. The Fardi à vapeur, as he called Cugnot, began circulating on the streets of Paris in 1769. It was riding a tricycle on the front wheel a boiler and a vertical two-cylinder engine and 50 liters of displacement, the front wheel tractor and guideline was to turn the two cylinders working directly on it.
In 1770 he built a second model, larger than the first, and could drag 17.70 tons at a speed of 4 km / h. With this version was produced which could be considered 'first accident' of history, to be impossible, the correct handling of monumental vehicle, which ended up crashing into a wall that collapsed the result of the incident. Cugnot still had time to build a third version in 1771, preserved at present exposed in the National Technical Museum in Paris.
In 1784 William Murdoch built a model steam carriage and in 1801 Richard Trevithick drove a vehicle in Camborne (United Kingdom). In these early vehicles were developed such innovations as hand brakes, and wheel speeds.
Josef Bozek In 1815 he built a motor-powered car with oil. In 1838, Robert Davidson built an electric locomotive which reached 6 km per hour. Between 1832 and 1839 Robert Anderson invented the first car driven by non-rechargeable electric cells.
Second Marcus Car of 1888 (Technical Museum Vienna).
Belgian Etienne Lenoir did run a car with internal combustion engine around 1860, powered by coal gas.
Around 1870, in Vienna, inventor Siegfried Marcus did run an internal combustion engine fuel base, known as the "First Marcus Car". In 1883, Marcus patented a low-voltage ignition was introduced in subsequent models.
It is commonly accepted that the first automobiles with gasoline were developed almost simultaneously by German engineers working independently: Karl Benz built his first automobile in 1885 in Mannheim. Benz was granted a patent on 29 January 1886 and started production in 1888. Soon after, Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach in Stuttgart, designed their own cars in 1889.
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